The Barossa Valley
Geologically, the Barossa Valley has some of the oldest vineyard soils in the world that are over 500 million years old. Since that time, the rock and soil has weathered creating a lot of diversity and complexity within the region.
The Barossa Valley is one of the oldest and most famous wine growing regions in Australia. Its rich wine history dates back to the first settlement here in South Australia in the early 1840’s.
Early grape plantings were for the production of fortified wines such as Ports and Sherry. As a consequence, the Barossa Valley is home to both the oldest Shiraz (1843) and the oldest Cabernet Sauvignon (1886) vines in the world.
Barossa Valley with its warm climate is best suited to varieties such as Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache and Mataro, producing wines of intense power and purity.
Marananga is a sub region located in the north western corner of the Barossa Valley.
Millions of years ago, the north west part of the Barossa Valley was under the ocean. Many sedimentary deposits, which, through the weathering action of air and water produced iron oxides that have conglomerated into ironstone ridges, a feature of Marananga.
The soils within the Marananga sub-region are wide and varied but to generalise they are predominately red-yellow brown loams over red clay. Pink quartzite and ironstone deposits are visible on many ridgelines and hillsides.